Before putting them in the dishwasher, you might want to carefully use a toothbrush and small amounts of laundry detergent on the tough stains. Place them in your dishwasher with a limited amount of laundry detergent. Do not leave them in for the drying cycle. Remove and let them air dry. You can also tie your mask up in a towel and run it through your dryer. (The towel is to protect your dryer from the banging.)
For your jackets, the secret to really getting them clean is to soak them in OxiClean and baking soda for a few hours first. Then run them through the washer in warm water. Don’t wash them on the hottest setting; you don’t want to shrink them.
Lames are silver or gray vests (for foil) or long-sleeved jackets (for saber). They need to be cleaned very carefully. You can wash them in the bathtub with dish soap. Gently swish them around and soak them in the tub. Then hang them up and thoroughly rinse the soap out. Hang to dry.